Honey Carbon Footprint

Find out the impact of making the honey that sweetens your morning tea.

bee in lavender


California is the second largest producer of honey in the country. Beekeepers truck 1.5 million bee colonies around the state annually to help pollinate 760,000 acres of almonds and other nut and fruit orchards. In 2010, California bees produced more than 27 million pounds of honey.

With growing consumer interest in the carbon footprints of products and potential cap-and-trade legislation under California Assembly Bill 32, emissions-tracking is becoming increasingly important for agricultural producers.

Honey Carbon Footprint Calculator

Beekeepers and others are invited to download the UC Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program’s (SAREP) Honey Carbon Footprint Calculator to evaluate their honey bees’ carbon footprint.

Honey Carbon Footprint Calculator

The calculator is based on a life cycle assessment (LCA) of honey production, a cradle-to-grave accounting system.

Learn more by downloading the Honey Carbon Footprint Calculator user guide.

Honey Carbon Footprint Journal Article and Report


Kendall, Alissa, Juhong Yuan and Sonja Brodt. Carbon Footprint and Air Emissions Inventories for US Honey Production: Case Studies.  In the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessments. Read the abstract.

The following technical report about honey's carbon footprint was prepared for the National Honey Board and has not been peer reviewed.

Honey Carbon Footprint report