1994-95 Grants Funded

SAREP Funds New Projects

 


Thirty-four research and education projects have been granted a total of $149,681 by UC SAREP in its 1994/95 funding cycle, according to Bill Liebhardt, SAREP director. New projects were chosen in four different areas: economics and public policy, production, meetings, and graduate student awards. A brief description of the projects, principal investigators and amounts awarded for the first year follows.

Economics and Public Policy Projects

(5 projects; $51,298)

Robert Gottlieb, Urban Planning, UCLA, "Expanding Direct Marketing Opportunities for Community Food Security and to Reduce Pesticide Use": $10,615. This project will develop and evaluate new marketing arrangements that link farmers selling at farmers' markets with poor and low-income urban consumers. A pilot project will focus on the Gardena farmers' market, located in a mixed low- and middle-income neighborhood in southwest Los Angeles.

Sharon K. Junge, Roger Ingram, and Garth Veerkamp, Placer County Cooperative Extension Office, "Reason for the Season: Increasing Sustainable Practices Among Consumers": $12,000. This project will create a regional food guide to educate consumers on the benefits of purchasing locally produced, processed and distributed food that is geared to seasonal availability. Baseline data will be collected on food production, distribution and consumption in Placer County in order to evaluate the food system's impact on nutrition, environment, energy consumption, and local economic development.

Jered Lawson, in cooperation with the Community Alliance with Family Farmers, "Sharing the Costs of Land Tenure and Stewardship: A Profile of a Family and Community's Efforts to Preserve their Agricultural Land and their Sustainable Farming Practices": $5,000. The project will create a manual describing "shared equity," an innovative model for maintaining ag land in sustainable production. In the model developed by Steve and Gloria Decater at Live Power Community Farm in Covelo, the farmer owns the productive agricultural value of the land, and a non-profit organization owns the land's additional speculative or market value.

Peter Lehman, Humboldt State University, "Arcata Farm and Education Project": $8,683. This continuing project is a student-operated, community supported farm designed to serve as a sustainable agriculture education facility for students of all ages, local farmers, and community members. The farm serves as a teaching facility for Humboldt State classes, as a community supported agriculture site, and its staff engages in extensive outreach to the local area.

Don Villarejo, California Institute for Rural Studies, "Viability of Small and Medium Scale Farms in California: Case Study of Fresno and Monterey Counties": $ 15,000. This project will determine current farm turnover-both farmers going out of business and farmers entering business-in Monterey and Fresno counties, two key agricultural areas. The impacts of farm size, commodities, and ethnicity on farm survival will be assessed.

Production Projects (9 projects; $7S,986)

Karen Klonsky, Agricultural Economics, UC Davis, "BIOS Economic Impact Study: Quantifying the Transition to Sustainable Production": $9,194. The impacts on income and expenses will be determined for farms enrolled in the Merced County almond Biologically Integrated Orchard Systems (BIOS) program. This project will also evaluate the economic viability of the BIOS production method over a three-year transition period.

Bruce Jaffee, Nematology, UC Davis, "Suppression of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes in Conventional and Organic Farming Systems": $5,155. Soils from conventional and organic farming systems will be examined for their ability to suppress plant-parasitic nematodes. The project will be conducted at the Sustainable Agriculture Farming Systems Project at UC Davis.

Steven Koike, Monterey County farm advisor, "Determination of the Effect of Cover Crops on Lettuce Drop Disease: Year Two": $3,640. This is the third year of a study that will identify cover or rotation crops that reduce lettuce drop disease. Additionally, the study will determine the effect of manure and yard waste compost on populations of the lettuce drop pathogen.

Steve Temple, Agronomy and Range Science, UC Davis, "A Comparison of Conventional, Low Input and Organic Farming Systems: The Transition Phase and Long Term Viability": $12,253. The Sustainable Agriculture Farming Systems Project at UC Davis is in its seventh year. It is comparing four farming systems with different levels of dependence on external resources over a 12-year period.

Richard Smith, San Benito County farm advisor, "Nitrogen Fertility Monitoring in Organic and Conventional Vegetable Systems": $2,744. In organic farming systems, "quick tests" for nitrate in plant and soil analyses may not be a good indicator of crop nitrogen status. This study will evaluate quick tests on two organic and two conventional onion farms.

Krishna Subbarao, assistant plant pathologist, Cooperative Extension Specialist, UC Davis, "Subsurface Drip Irrigation for Soilbome Disease Management in Lettuce": $11,000. The use of subsurface drip irrigation in vegetable production can improve the efficiency of water use and reduce nitrate leaching. This project will evaluate the effects of subsurface drip and furrow irrigations on lettuce diseases.

Ford Denison, Agronomy and Range Science, UC Davis, "Rotation Length and Organic Transitions": $10,000. An additional four-year organic rotation will be added to the SAREP funded 100-year long-term farmland research experiment at UC Davis. The project will evaluate two-year and four-year rotation length and will assess the contributions of soil quality and human factors in the transition to organic farming.

Kent Daane, Kearney Agricultural Center, Parlier, "Effects of Cover Crops, Time of Cover Crop Plowdown and Trellis System on Spiders and Other Predators of the Variegated Leafhopper (Erythroneura variabilis)": $12,500. This project, in its third and final year, is evaluating the effects of various cover cropping practices on spiders and variegated leafhoppers in raisin and table grape vineyards.

Phil Phillips, South Coast area IPM advisor, Ventura County, "The Impact of Dust Deposits on Insectary Reared and Released Parasites in Transitional and Organic Citrus Orchards Using Perennial vs. Annual, Tilled Cover Crops': $9,500. Ventura County citrus growers spend large amounts of money releasing parasites for control of California red scale and black scale, but foliar dust may interfere with biological control. This study will examine the effects of both ambient dust and dust generated by orchard operations on two key parasites.

Graduate Student Awards (5 projects; $7,973)

Heinrich Schweizer, Entomology, UC Davis, "Identification of non-pesticidal mortality factors of Scirtothtips citri Moulton which might be enhanced by cultural manipulations in order to reduce economic damage": $2,000.

Robert Venette, Nematology, UC Davis, "Soil Bacteria: Carbon and Nitrogen Ratios, Attractiveness to Bacterial-Feeding Nematodes, and Potential Role in Terrestrial Nitrogen Cycles": $1,000.

Brian Correiar, Plant Protection and Pest Management, UC Davis, "Determination of Sampling Methods and Effectiveness of Variable rates of Trifluralin for Layby Weed Control in Tomatoes": $1,250.

Jennifer Katcher, Pomology, UC Davis, "Reducing Nitrogen Fertilization and Irrigation May Improve Almond Trees' Defense Against Hull Rot Infection": $2,000.

Colehour Arden, Applied Behavioral Sciences, UC Davis, "Effects and Prospects of Direct Marketing on Sustainability - Survey of Farmer Perspectives": $1,723.

Meeting Grants (15 meetings; $14,424)

David Pratt, farm advisor, Napa, Solano & Yolo Counties, "The California Grazing Academy": $1,000.

Sheila Gaertner, farm advisor, Tehama and Glenn Counties, "Oak Woodland Management in the Northern Sacramento Valley': $ 1,000.

Miles Merwin, International Tree Crops Institute USA Inc., "Agroforestry Technology Course': $1,000.

Stephanie Larson, farm advisor, Sonoma and Marin counties, "Demonstrating Improved Rangeland Management for Improving Water Quality": $1,000.

Mariposa Guido, Committee for Sustainable Agriculture, "New Challenges in Production Techniques: Sustainable Agriculture Meeting and Farm Tour Series": $1,000 for each of five meetings: Citrus and Strawberries in Ventura; Livestock and Vegetables on the North Coast; and Landscaping in Sacramento.

Michael Smith, farm advisor, San Luis Obispo County, "Thistle Management in California": $1,000.

Jeff Mitchell, Vegetable Crops, UC Davis, "Development of Comparative Cropping Systems Research Projects in the Central San Joaquin Valley: Farmer/Scientist Focus Sessions to Identify Research Priorities and Appropriate Cropping Systems Research Options': $424.

Jill Klein, Community Alliance with Family Farmers, "The Lighthouse Farm Network Educational Events": $1,000 for each of four meetings.